Scope and Contents
This collection includes a pamphlet outlining the command structure of the U.S. Naval forces involved in the 1914 Tampico Affair during the Mexican Revolution. The pamphlet contains the autographs of 25 naval participants, including Congressional Medal of Honor recipients Read-Admiral, later Admiral, Frank Friday Fletcher (1855-1928) and Lieutenant (j.g.), later Admiral, Jonas H. Ingram (1886-1952). There are also fleet orders in broadside format, from USS Arkansas, dated April 26 and May 4, 1914, at Veracruz, Mexico, both signed by Rear-Admiral Badger. "Official Signal" document from May 3, 1914, concerning the departure from the fleet of the USS Montana and an article from the Mexican Herald on April 28, 1914 titled "American Flag Floated above Veracruz Port"
Conditions Governing Access
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Conditions Governing Use
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Biographical / Historical
The Tampico Affair began as a minor incident, but due to a misunderstanding, led to the severing of diplomatic relations between the United States and Mexico as well as a seven-month occupation of Veracruz by US armed forces.
After 9 US sailors were detained on April 9, 1914 in the port city of Tampico, the US demanded an apology. Negotiations broke down, due in part to complications from the ongoing Mexican Revolution. As a result, President Woodrow Wilson ordered Rear-Admiral Fletcher (with Congressional approval) to occupy the port of Veracruz. This occupation blocked a shipment of ammunition and other supplies the Mexicans needed for the ongoing revolution.
19 Americans were killed at Veracruz including 2 sailors from the battleship USS Arkansas (BB-33), the flagship of the United States Atlantic Fleet.
1 Folders (legal)
5 Items : 1 pamphlet outlining the command structure of the U.S. Naval forces involved in the 1914 Tampico Affair during the Mexican Revolution. The pamphlet contains the autographs of 25 naval participants, including Congressional Medal of Honor recipients Read-Admiral, later Admiral, Frank Friday Fletcher (1855-1928) and Lieutenant (j.g.), later Admiral, Jonas H. Ingram (1886-1952).
2 fleet orders, 1 official signal, and 1 newspaper clipping
; Pamphlet: 18 x 12.7 cm;
Fleet Orders: 20 x 12.5 cm and 18 x 12.7 cm;
Official Signal: 26.7 x 20.6 inches;
Newspaper Clipping: 33.3 x 11.9 and 6.4 inches (Irregularly Shaped)
Language of Materials