Farm worker strikes, grower violence, and Mexican American women's activism, 1975 - 1979
Scope and Contents
This folder focuses on a series of strikes by Mexican American farm workers against Anglo growers in the Rio Grande Valley from 1975-1979. It examines the tactics and strategies employed by farm workers, including the United Farm Workers (UFW) and the fledgling Texas Farm Workers Union (TFWU), and underscores the frictions between these two unions and their leaders. The folder also highlights the use of violence by growers during these strikes. As the documentation shows, the governor declined to dispatch Texas Rangers to supress the protests, fearful of a repitition of the violence that accompanied the use of Rangers to crush a strike in Starr County in 1966-67 (see the Holly Hewlett Collection); his refusal to send Rangers prompted growers to resort to violence on their initiative. Finally, the folder underscores the role of Mexican American women as the backbone of the farm worker movement, including 'ordinary' women, local strike organizers like Juanita Valdez, and UFW director Rebecca Flores. The folder includes considerable information as well on McAllen mayor and powerful grower Othal Brand.
- 1975 - 1979
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for research use. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Confidential material may include, but is not limited to, educational, medical, and personnel records. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley assumes no responsibility.
Language of Materials
Part of the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley Special Collections and Archives, Edinburg Campus Repository
1201 West University Drive
Edinburg TX 78539-2999